Meeting Five:

We need to see all of you post this week on the class blog!



Clay Shirkey -- how does he write about "organizing without organizations" and "cognitive surplus"

"The problem newspapers face isn’t that they didn’t see the internet coming. They not only saw it miles off, they figured out early on that they needed a plan to deal with it, and during the early 90s they came up with not just one plan but several."

The "unthinkable scenario": Growth of ability to share content growing not shrinking

"Faith-based" approaches when "reality is labeled unthinkable"

Desire to "preserve the old forms of organization" in a world of "cheap perfect copies"

"difficulty, complexity, and expense of making something available to the public"

Elizabeth Eisenstein on the Gutenberg revolution - chaotic times of change

How printing presses limited competition and forced allegiances between advertisers, publishers, and journalists"

"Journalism has always been subsidized"

Small experiments - the craigslist case

"Newspapers" vs. "Journalism"

benefits for people who are not newspaper readers

"Save newspapers" vs. "Save society"


1) grazing, 2) deep dive, 3) feedback loop

"Will You Be E-mailing This Column?"

Born Digital

Youth and Media

Questions about the term "digital natives"

Is this a "generational myth"?


Axel Bruns and his interest in alternative media, tactical media, and citizen journalism

Herbert Gans and the "two-tiered" system

The Harriet Miers Supreme Court nomination as a turning point (her parody blog) (247)

Questioning the "conflict-based narrative" (248)

Rise of third parties (249)

Journalists "sharing their responsibilities" with others (249)

The Indymedia case

Tactical media as "temporal and temporary" (251)

Role of blogs, wikis, etc.

Users who are not "audiences" but "equal partners" and "collaborators" (252)

"Gatewatching" as pointing to "omissions, misrepresentations, or biases" (252)

"Rathergate" (253)

local and microlocal (253)

Citizen journalism and the "hybrid produser" (256)

The Slashdot case

Will traditional and new forms of journalism "complement" or "collide" (258)

OhmyNews, Kuro5hin, and

"faux bloggers" and the genre of the Op Ed (258-259)

industry and citizen forms of journalism are "crashing each other's gates" (259)

Shirky: filter and then publish vs. publish and then filter (260)

Alessandra Renzi on "counterpublics" or "dynamic spaces of discourse" (262)

Michael Warner's Publics and Counterpublics

Not everyone will participate (262)

New ways of speaking: "direct addresses" and "'expert' punditry" (262)

Strategies (264-265):

1) reformatting for pick-up by mainstream media to force causes to be covered: problem of decay or acquisition

2) building close ties with news aggregators

3) stay true to the "need to interpret, discuss, and debate stories"

South Korea as a case study

Oh Yeon-ho as a media pioneer

The work of Wendy Chun on mad cow disease



The Jon Stewart Crossfire Story

Thesis on Page 385:

demand for truthfulness and accountability

appeal of political satire in constructing new counterpublics

ironic citizenship

spectacle and complicity

References to Guy Debord's Society of the Spectacle (386)


Singer and Ashman on "User-Generated Content and Journalistic Valures"

The Guardian as a case study

Big themes: Authenticity, Autonomy, and Accountability

"professional resistance" and the issue of "broader public interest" (233)

newsworthiness, quality, balance, and decency as issues (235)

What is the "ideology" of journalism (235)

Idea of a "conversation" (236)

"Guardian values" (237)

Problem of labor in responding to challenges: personal attacks, disagreements over opinion, and disputes about facts (237)

Freedom to write and post in comparison to print editing process (238)

Honesty, transparency, and trust (239)


Paul Brandshaw on "Wiki Journalism"

Features: revert systems, permissions levels, records of previous versions, discussion pages, etc. (244)

Strengths: presents a range of information, allows for very complex stories, economics easier with volunteer labor and common and familiar platform, and can create community (246-247)

Weaknesses: vandalism, edit wars, authority and remuneration, time to build it underrated, etc.

How has WikiLeaks changed journalism?

Why did the LA Times Wikitorial fail?